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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 503 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 行政院衛生署(1995).護理機構設置標準(修正版)。
  2. 王玉女(1998).台灣地區養護機構服務品質現況及其問題.長庚護理,
  3. 成和玲、余伍洋(1993).住院精神病患生活滿意度之探討.護理研究,
  4. 杜玉卿(2003).護理之家老人的激能感受與其生活品質之相關探討.
  5. 林笑(1994).骨性關節炎病患生活品質及其相關因素之探討.護理研究,
Times Cited (8) 〈TOP〉
  1. 李依芹(2010)。護理之家老人的社會支持之探究。中山醫學大學醫學社會暨社會工作學系碩士班學位論文。2010。1-127。 
  2. 李宜蓁(2012)。長照機構住民生活品質影響因素探討-以新北市某長照機構為例。國立臺灣大學健康政策與管理研究所學位論文。2012。1-89。 
  3. 傅櫻梅(2006)。改善長期照護機構住民照護品質之探討-以白木耳食療處理便秘問題為例。亞洲大學長期照護研究所學位論文。2006。1-0。
  4. 徐玉雪(2008)。安養機構老人對服務品質的感受及其生活適應之研究。臺灣師範大學社會教育與文化行政碩士學位在職專班學位論文。2008。1-134。
  5. 楊惠真(2012)。護理之家照顧服務品質之多層級分析_以中部地區四縣市為例。中正大學社會福利學系學位論文。2012。1-280。
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