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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
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Reference ( 78 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 4. Preziosi, P., Endocrine disrupters as environmental signallers: an introduction. Pure and Applied Chemistry, 1998. 70: 1617-1631.
  2. 5. Lai, K.M., Scrimshaw, M.D., and Lester, J.N., The effects of natural and synthetic steroid estrogens in relation to their environmental occurrence. Critical Reviews in Toxicology, 2002. 32 (2): 113-132.
  3. 8. Ying, G.G., Kookana, R.S., and Ru, Y.J., Occurrence and fate of hormone steroids in the environment. Environment International, 2002. 28 (6): 545-551.
  4. 9. D'Ascenzo, G., Di Corcia, A., Gentili, A., Mancini, R., Mastropasqua, R., Nazzari, M., and Samperi, R., Fate of natural estrogen conjugates in municipal sewage transport and treatment facilities. Science of the Total Environment, 2003. 302 (1-3): 199-209.
  5. 10. Baronti, C., Curini, R., D'Ascenzo, G., Di Corcia, A., Gentili, A., and Samperi, R., Monitoring natural and synthetic estrogens at activated sludge sewage treatment plants and in a receiving river water. Environmental Science & Technology, 2000. 34 (24): 5059-5066.
Times Cited (5) 〈TOP〉
  1. 郭旭芩(2014)。溪流中雄性尼羅口孵魚之卵黃前質基因表現與內分泌干擾物質之流佈探討。屏東科技大學環境工程與科學系所學位論文。2014。1-85。 
  2. 吳孟純(2012)。污水處理廠去除個人防護用品及放流水質對承受水體之評估探討。屏東科技大學環境工程與科學系所學位論文。2012。1-171。 
  3. 陳至昂(2010)。人工溼地內分泌干擾物質之分佈及生態風險之研究。屏東科技大學環境工程與科學系所學位論文。2010。1-109。 
  4. 陳家振(2009)。淨水程序中數種環境荷爾蒙之監測。臺灣大學化學工程學研究所學位論文。2009。1-60。 
  5. 蔡進偉(2008)。臺灣飲水中雌激素化合物含量及淨水處理流程之移除效率。臺灣大學環境衛生研究所學位論文。2008。1-82。 
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