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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 27 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. Bonet, J., and Peraire, J. (1991). “An Alternating Digital Tree (ADT) Algorithm for 3D Geometric Searching and Intersection Problems”, International Journal for Numerical Methods in Engineering, 31, 1-17.
  2. Dowding, C. H., Dmytryshyn, O., and Belytschko, T. B. (1999). “Parallel Processing for a Discrete Element Program,” Computers and Geotechnics, 25(4), 281-285.
  3. Giani G. P., Giacomini A., Migliazza M., and Segalini A. (2001). “Design of Rockfall Restraining Nets From a Discrete Element Modelling,” Rock Mechanics and Rock Engineering, 34(2), 99-118.
  4. Iwashita, K., and Oda, M. (1998). “Rolling Resistance AT Contacts in Simulation of Shear Band Development By DEM”, Journal of Engineering Mechanics, 124(3), 285-292.
  5. Karypis, G. and Kumar, V. (1998). “Multilevel K-way Partitioning Scheme for Irregular Graphs,” Journal of Parallel and Distributed Computing, 48(1), 96-129.
Times Cited (4) 〈TOP〉
  1. 張賀翔(2012)。應用分離元素法探討順向坡失穩歷程-以國道三號崩塌事件為例。臺北科技大學土木與防災研究所學位論文。2012。1-99。 
  2. 卓三凱(2013)。以離散元素法探討旋轉鼓暫態乾顆粒流之流變性質。臺灣大學土木工程學研究所學位論文。2013。1-62。 
  3. 盧韻竹(2010)。以離散元素法模擬自充填混凝土流動行為之參數研究。臺灣大學土木工程學研究所學位論文。2010。1-97。 
  4. 翁晨桓(2011)。分離元素法山崩模型建置及震滑機制行為初探。臺北科技大學土木與防災研究所學位論文。2011。1-109。
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