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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
    Reference ( 116 ) 〈TOP〉
    1. 林文清,2004,《地方自治與自治立法權》,台北:揚智文化事業股份有限公司。
    2. 林鈺雄,2001,《刑事訴訟法-上冊》,台北市:林鈺雄。
    3. 財團法人新台灣人文教基金會,2002,《地方自治—落實人民主權的第一步》,台北:翰蘆圖書公司。
    4. 紀俊臣,2001,<地方自治法制化之政策取向>,《中國地方自治》,54卷1期,3-19頁。
    5. 紀俊臣、林清吉、徐吉志,2000,<健全台灣地方法制之可行方案>,《中國地方自治》,53卷3期,3-8頁。
    Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
    1. 林昱廷(2007)。論本國貪污犯罪防制之特別規範。臺灣大學法律學研究所學位論文。2007。1-133。 
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