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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 96 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王宗政(2013),企業社會責任與權益資金成本─臺灣的實證研究。淡江大學。
  2. 朱韻婷(2012),分析師特性、公司特性及分析師附銷售預測時之盈餘預測可信度。元智大學。
  3. 吳心儀(2002),分析師預測誤差與公司特性的關聯性,元智大學管理研究所。
  4. 李秀英、劉俊儒、楊筱翎(2011)。企業社會責任與公司績效之關聯性。東海管理評論,13(1),77-111。
  5. 汪進揚、鄧名堯(2012),資訊揭露對分析師盈餘預測品質影響之研究,證券市場發展季刊,第24卷第1期,頁111-138。
Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
  1. 柯壯穎(2017)。企業社會責任與未來盈餘反應係數。中原大學會計研究所學位論文。2017。1-31。
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