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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 64 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王中天(2010)。〈獨立選民的類型及其投票行為:臺灣2008年總統選舉的觀察〉,《選舉研究》17(2):35-69。
  2. 王鼎銘(2004)。〈選民為什麼會支持黑金?一個理性交易的解釋〉,《選舉研究》,11(1):99-126。
  3. 朱雲漢、陳明通、張佑宗(2000)。〈三黨競爭下的台北市選民投票行為研究:民國八十七年台北市長選舉的分析〉,《調查研究》8:163-165。
  4. 吳重禮、鄭文智、崔曉倩(2006)。〈交叉網路與政治參與:2001年縣市長與立法委員選舉的實證研究〉,《人文及社會科學集刊》18(4):599-638。
  5. 林宗弘、胡克威(2011)。「愛恨ECFA:兩岸貿易與臺灣的階級政治」,《思與言》 49(3):111-128。
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