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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 152 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 11. 曾品傑(2007),《論消費者健康與安全之人權保障暨其界限-最高法院關於轎車缺陷之判決評釋,財產法理與判決研究(一)》,台北:元照。
  2. 16. 蔡明誠(2009),《專利侵權要件及損害賠償計算》,2版,經濟部智慧財產局。
  3. 4. 沈冠伶(2007),〈智慧財產權保護事件之證據保全與秘密保護〉,《臺灣大學法學論叢》,第36卷第1期。
  4. 5. 李素華(2013),〈專利權侵害致損害賠償及侵害所得利益法之具體適用:以我國專利法為中心〉,《臺灣大學法學論叢》,第42卷第4期。
  5. 6. 何建志(2002),〈懲罰性賠償金志法理與應用-論最適賠償金額之判定〉,《臺灣大學學論叢》,第31卷第3期。
Times Cited (3) 〈TOP〉
  1. 楊博堯(2014)。我國專利法懲罰性損害賠償制度之現況—以主觀要件為中心。交通大學科技法律研究所學位論文。2014。1-75。 
  2. 高愷均(2015)。臺灣智慧財產法院損害賠償判決實證研究。國立臺灣大學科際整合法律學研究所學位論文。2015。1-187。 
  3. 李懿欣(2016)。對專利權濫用之因應機制-以專利主張實體及新型態防禦策略為中心。國立臺灣大學法律學研究所學位論文。2016。1-180。
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