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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 122 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王昱婷(2012)。《台中市居家照顧服務員專業認同之探討》。臺北:國立臺北大學社會工作學系碩士論文。
  2. 王靜琳、蔡來蔭、呂桂雲(2005)。〈專業承諾之概念分析〉。《護理雜誌》,52(5),頁 71-77。
  3. 余育斌(2004)。《藥物濫用少年與其社會網絡之互動要素分析:以高雄明陽中學收容少年為例》。嘉義:國立中正大學犯罪防治研究所碩士論文。
  4. 呂寶靜、李佳儒、趙曉芳 (2014)。〈臺灣老人日間照顧服務之初探:兩種服務模式之比較分析〉。《東吳社會工作學報》,27,頁87-109。
  5. 李政勳(2010)。《主管領導風格與員工工作後果之關聯性:以自我價值觀為調節變項》。臺北:國立臺灣大學商學研究所碩士論文。
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