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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 201 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王柏崴、黃禎貞、唐孝蘭、葉國樑、曾治乾(2009).台北市國中學生綠色消費知識、態度、行為意圖及其相關因素研究∼以某國中為例.科學教育學刊, 17(3),255-274。
  2. 余儀呈(2007).由慢性病照護模式看基層診所的未來發展∼民衆自我管理.醫療品質雜誌,1(3),82-85。
  3. 吳肖琪、簡麗年、吳義勇(2004).探討術前合併症指標與醫療利用及手術相關結果之關聯性-以全股(髖)關節置換健保申報資料為例.臺灣公共衛生雜誌,23(2),121-129。
  4. 吳佳珍、林秋菊(2009).動機式會談於護理之應用.護理雜誌,56(2), 89-93。 doi: 10.6224/jn.56.2.89
  5. 李尹暘、林曉佩、林君怡(2007).自我效能理論之分析與應用.澄清醫護管理雜誌,3(2),46-52。
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