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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
    Reference ( 96 ) 〈TOP〉
    1. 40.公益信託的理念與制度,陳春山,行政院文化建設委員會「文化公益信託法律關係、設立監督及實務運作」分區法律座談會會議手冊,2003年。
    2. 42.王文宇,商業組織之核心法則,以公司、信託、合夥為例,新公司與企業法,元照,2003年。
    3. 46.財團法人條例研究案,行政院研考會委託財團法人台灣亞洲基金會,2002年,參考網站:
    4. 71.劉大和,文化例外,下載自網。
    5. 1. Henry B. Hansmann, “The Role of Nonprofit Enterprise”, The Yale Law Journal vol.89,1980.
    Times Cited (2) 〈TOP〉
    1. 蔡孟彥(2006)。國家對於非營利組織財務資助之分析與檢討--以所得稅減免為中心。國立臺灣大學法律學研究所學位論文。2006。1-240。 
    2. 曾瓊葉(2005)。我國國家圖書館行政法人化之探討。臺灣師範大學政治學研究所在職進修碩士班學位論文。2005。1-252。
    Altmetrics 〈TOP〉
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