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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 74 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 毛新春(1997)、認識病人的靈性需求、台灣醫學,1(5),653-656。
  2. 石世明(2000)、對臨終者的靈性照顧、安寧療護,5(2)41-56。
  3. 李昭輝(1997)、安寧療護意義治療、安寧療護,3,18-23。
  4. 李維倫(2000)、以存在現象學看臨終與生命的轉化、安寧療護,5(2),57-61。
  5. 李選(1993)、安寧護理模式於臨終護理中之應用、護理雜誌,40(2),67-72。
Times Cited (6) 〈TOP〉
  1. 蔡馥好(2013)。中風者之憂鬱與宗教態度、宗教因應及靈性的關係:以本土宗教為例。中原大學心理學研究所學位論文。2013。1-108。 
  2. 吳詩萍(2014)。檢視初次接受化學治療癌症老年病人壓力感受、因應行為與症狀困擾之相關性。長榮大學護理學系(所)學位論文。2014。1-115。 
  3. 蕭瑞瑜(2012)。探討身心靈暨衛教團體對罹癌父母心理健康及親子知覺關係之成效。臺北醫學大學護理學系碩士暨碩士在職專班學位論文。2012。1-110。 
  4. 廖苑如(2010)。癌症病童其健康手足之生活適應。臺灣大學護理學研究所學位論文。2010。1-107。 
  5. 陳雅惠(2006)。中部某醫學中心之護理人員的臨終兒童照護經驗。臺灣大學護理學研究所學位論文。2006。1-105。 
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