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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 68 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 2. Anita M. McGahan, 2000, How Industries Evolve,Business Strategy Review, Volume 11 Issue 3, pp 1-16.
  2. 5. 2004, Europe Telecom Service, WiMAX and family: threat and opportunity ,Goldman Sachs.
  3. 7. A.D. Wright,” Scenario planning: a continuous improvement approach to strategy”, Total Quality Management, Jul2000, Vol. 11 Issue 4-6, pS433-S438
  4. 8. Paul Goodwin and George Wright,” Enhancing Strategy Evaluation in Scenario Planning: A Role for Decision Analysis”, Journal of Management Studies, Jan2001, Vol. 38 Issue 1, p1-16
  5. 9. Eric K. Clemons,” Using Scenario Analysis to Manage the Strategic Risks of Reengineering”, Sloan Management Review, Summer95, Vol.36, Iss.4, pp61-71
Times Cited (9) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王銘慶(2011)。科技演進對競爭態勢之影響:以行動通訊技術世代演進為例。臺灣大學國際企業學研究所學位論文。2011。1-98。 
  2. 謝瑩導(2008)。先進者與後進者的經營模式與策略之比較 ─以SKYPE與TELTEL為例。臺灣大學工業工程學研究所學位論文。2008。1-136。 
  3. 蔣清河(2006)。寬頻無線接取(BWA)產業新創科技商業計劃可行性分析 -以PC 3G Connectivity產品設計公司為例。臺灣大學會計與管理決策組學位論文。2006。1-94。 
  4. 李永信(2006)。數位家庭娛樂產業結構與情境分析。臺灣大學國際企業學研究所學位論文。2006。1-113。 
  5. 王鈴惠(2006)。我國電信業者行動加值服務的新產品開發之研究-以行動音樂服務為例。政治大學科技管理研究所學位論文。2006。1-136。
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