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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
    Reference ( 60 ) 〈TOP〉
    1. 〈88年中高年勞工就業狀況調查報告〉(1999),上網日期:2006年2
    2. 〈94年事業人力僱用狀況調查結果綜合分析〉(2005),上網日期:
    3. 行政院勞工委員會 (2003)。〈勞工生活與就業狀況調查〉。台北:勞委會。
    4. 江豐富 (2003)。〈「高齡」:就業者的悲歌〉,李誠(編),《誰偷走了我們的工作─一九九六年以來台灣的失業問題》,頁195-230。台北:天下遠見出版社。
    5. 黃維玲譯 (1999)。《職場啟示錄─走出新資本主義的迷惘》,台北:時報。(原書Richard Sennett [1998]. The Corrosion of Character: the personal consequences of work in the new capitalism )
    Times Cited (8) 〈TOP〉
    1. 徐桂媚(2012)。影響苗栗縣高齡勞動參與因素之探討。中興大學國家政策與公共事務研究所學位論文。2012。1-129。 
    2. 余金珍(2013)。退休中高階經理人再就業經驗之探討。臺灣大學社會工作學研究所學位論文。2013。1-101。 
    3. 張郁昇(2010)。美國就業年齡歧視法之研究-兼論對我國法制之啟示。臺灣大學法律學研究所學位論文。2010。1-186。 
    4. 陳曼麗(2008)。中年退休人力再開發可行性之研究 以志願服務工作者為例。元智大學管理研究所學位論文。2008。1-111。
    5. 陳璿憶(2011)。中高齡勞工工作價值觀與求職傾向的探討。政治大學勞工研究所學位論文。2011。1-130。
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