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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 42 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 5. Electronic Industries Alliance (1998), EIA Standard, ANSI/EIA-649 National Consensus Standard for Configuration management
  2. 6. Hardwick M., Downie B.R., Kutcher, M., and Spooner D.L.(1995), Concurrent engineering with delta files, IEE Computer Graphics and Applications, Vol.15, pp62-68
  3. 7. Ikujiro Nonaka (1994), A Dynamic Theory of Organizational Knowledge Creation, Organization Science, Vol. 5, No. 1, February 1994, pp.14~37
  4. 10. Phillipps, C. (1987), Controlling and managing engineering change, Computer Integrated Manufacturing, pp.40-42
  5. 27. 黃金田、黃榮堯、楊子葆、黃荻昌(2000),以型態管理的觀念應用於捷運工程界面管理之研究,第四屆營建工程與管理研究成果聯合發表會,台灣台中,pp.458-470,2000年7月7日
Times Cited (2) 〈TOP〉
  1. 周信緯(2012)。建構BIM模型版次管理模式及系統之研究。臺北科技大學土木與防災研究所學位論文。2012。1-99。 
  2. 黄種緒(2012)。型態管理應用於捷運機電系統工程之研究。臺北科技大學土木與防災研究所學位論文。2012。1-111。 
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