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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
    Reference ( 131 ) 〈TOP〉
    1. 王鈺淵(2005)。老男性重鬱症與身體疾病之關係:某安養機構之調查。國立成功大學行為醫學研究所碩士論文。
    2. 李麗素(2004)。桃園縣國民中小學人事人員角色壓力與組織承諾之研究。國立台北師範學院教育政策與管理研究所碩士論文。
    3. 宋冀寧、宋麗玉(2001)。社會福利機構服務品質相關因素探討之研究─以老人自費安養機構為例。社會政策與社會工作學刊,5(2),頁175-222。
    4. 吳肖琪、杜敏世(2003)。台閩地區失能老人機構照護供需資源分布狀況調查報告。台北:中華民國長期照護專業協會。
    5. 陳武宗、張江清、陳政智(2005)。跨界、擴點與深耕長期照顧領域─社工人力發展策略。論文發表於「社會照顧與社會工作人力發展國際學術研討會」,南投。L1-L23。
    Times Cited (5) 〈TOP〉
    1. 林靜怡(2011)。社工員組織承諾與留職意願之研究—以高雄市公私部門為例。屏東科技大學社會工作系學位論文。2011。1-147。 
    2. 李佳縈(2008)。身心障礙者社區化就業服務員工作滿意度及其影響因素之研究。臺北大學社會工作學系學位論文。2008。1-112。
    3. 王文宗(2013)。公部門保護性社工人員組織承諾與離職意向之研究。朝陽科技大學社會工作系學位論文。2013。1-93。
    4. 吳佳蓁(2014)。嘉義縣長青活力站社工員規劃高齡活動之 轉化學習歷程研究。中正大學成人及繼續教育系高齡者教育研究所學位論文。2014。1-215。
    5. 黃元瑤(2015)。政府評鑑下鄉村地區小型老人養護機構與派遣聘雇專業社會工作員之互動及圖像。中正大學社會福利學系學位論文。2015。1-116。
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