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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 90 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. Bloom, A. L., 1991. Geomorphology: A Systematic Analysis of Late Cenozoic Landforms. 2nded. Englewood Cliffs, N. J. Prentice-Hall, 523 pp.
  2. Burbank, D. W., Leland, J., Fielding, E., Anderson, R. S., Brozovic, N., Reid, M. R., Duncan, C., 1996. Bedrock incision, rock uplift and threshold hillslopes in the northwestern Himalayas. Nature, 379, 505-510.
  3. Burbank, D. W. and Anderson, R. S., 2001. Tectonic Geomorphology. Malden, Mass., Blackwell Science, 274 pp.
  4. Cox, R. T., 1994. Analysis of drainage-basin symmetry as a rapid technique to identify areas of possible Quaternary tilt-block tectonics: An example from the Mississippi Embayment. Geol. Soc. Am. Bull., 106, 571-581.
  5. Dunne, T. and Leopold, L. B., 1978. Water in Environmental Planning. New York, W.H. Freeman and Company, 818 pp.
Times Cited (2) 〈TOP〉
  1. 李佑瑜(2011)。以河流水力沖刷模型探討上游岩質河床沖刷特性‐以濁水溪與八掌溪為例。中興大學土木工程學系所學位論文。2011。1-82。 
  2. 賴憶菁(2009)。利用河道形貌分析構造的相對活動性:以大安溪流域為例。臺灣大學地質科學研究所學位論文。2009。1-59。 
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