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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
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Reference ( 36 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 5.行政院衛生署國民健康局,2003。『高血脂防治手冊』,修訂一版。台中市:行政院衛生署國民健康局。
  2. 6.行政院衛生署,2004。『台灣地區老人營養健康狀況調查1999-2000調查結果』,第一版。台北市:行政院衛生署。
  3. 11.潘文涵、洪永泰、蕭寧馨、林薇、李世代、邱正芬、林盟喬、陳思遠、吳淑瓊、杭極閩、黃登源、張新儀、杜素豪、章雅惠、葉文婷、蘇淑真等,2004。「台灣地區老人營養健康狀況調查1999-2000調查設計、執行方式、及內容」,『台灣地區老人營養健康狀況調查1999-2000調查結果』,第一版。台北市:行政院衛生署。
  4. 12.潘文涵、章雅惠、吳幸娟、張新儀、魏燕蘭、李美璇、高美丁、杭極敏。「台灣地區老人營養健康狀況調查1999-2000以二十四小時飲食回顧髮評估老人膳食營養狀況」,『台灣地區老人營養健康狀況調查1999-2000調查結果』,第一版。台北市:行政院衛生署。
  5. 15.Bruner A. B., A. Joffe, A. K. Duggan, J. F. Casella, J. Brandt, 1996. “Randomized Study of Cognitive Effects of Iron Supplementation in Non-anemic Iron-deficient Adolescent Girls,” Lancet. 348:992-996.
Times Cited (2) 〈TOP〉
  1. 徐慈嬴(2012)。健康餐飲態度、飲食涉入、與健康飲食行為關係之研究。高雄餐旅學院餐飲管理研究所學位論文。2012。1-65。 
  2. 李佳玲(2016)。加護病房老年病人營養狀況、共病與預後之關係。中國醫藥大學護理學系碩士班學位論文。2016。1-99。
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