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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 46 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 朱珮綺 ( 2005 ) 台大實驗林神木溪保護林兩相鄰林分枯落物動態及其養分之研究。國立台灣大學碩士論文。92頁。
  2. 林國銓 ( 1997 ) 福山闊葉林枯落物及枝葉層之動態變化。臺灣林業科學12(2):135-144。
  3. 林國銓、陳永修、杜清澤、黃菊美 ( 2008 ) 六龜台灣杉人工林枯落物之動態變化。中華林學季刊41(3):351-363。
  4. 金恆鑣、唐凱軍、康敏捷、黃正良、李聖餘 ( 1991 ) 合歡山冷杉土壤之發育與分類。太魯閣國家公園管理處。59頁
  5. 金絜之 ( 2008 ) 南仁山低地雨林凋落物之時空變化研究。國立屏東科技大學碩士論文。80頁。
Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
  1. 劉崇加(2015)。玉山登山步道高海拔土壤無脊椎動物群落結構之比較。中山大學生物科學系研究所學位論文。2015。1-54。
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