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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 84 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 李惠宗,2008,《憲法要義》,台北:元照。
  2. 王百合、游美惠,〈教育界的勞動後備軍-已婚女性代課教師之初探性研究〉,《教育研究集刊》,第49卷第4期,頁61-92。
  3. 方永泉,2009,〈師培「有品」,教育「有品」-尋找師資培育機構發展的藍海策略〉,《中等教育》,第60卷第3期,頁22-31。
  4. 呂美慧,2008,〈從攻城到突圍:一位邊緣教師之生命史敘說研究〉,《花蓮教育大學學報》,第26期,頁77-99。
  5. 第21卷第6期,頁68-77。
Times Cited (3) 〈TOP〉
  1. 羅婷心(2015)。一年數度國小代理教師大洗牌-以交易成本理論分析。臺灣大學政治學研究所學位論文。2015。1-267。 
  2. 簡黛玲(2014)。國小代理教師專業能力之調查研究。中正大學教育學研究所學位論文。2014。1-124。
  3. 許宸榕(2016)。彰雲地區國小合格代理教師壓力源與因應策略關係之研究。中正大學教學專業發展數位學習碩士在職專班學位論文。2016。1-173。
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