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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 161 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王純娟(2006)•哀傷或不哀傷? 當西方的哀傷治療遇上台灣的宗教信仰與民俗•生死學研究,3,93-131。
  2. 王純娟(2007)•由反思到洞察之路:哀傷研究者的啟發•中華輔導學報(22),71-117。
  3. 田聖芳、余玉眉、陳月枝(2007)•產後照護研究之回顧1970-2004•馬偕護理雜誌,1(1),6-13。﹝Tien, S. F., Chao(Yu), Y. M., & Chen, Y. C. (2007). Review of postpartum care studies 1970–2004. Journal of Mackay Nursing, 1(1), 6–13.﹞
  4. 余玉眉、蔣欣欣、陳月枝、蘇燦煮、劉玉秀(1999)•質性研究資料的量化及詮釋—從研究例證探討臨床護理研究方法與認識學 第一部分:質性臨床護理研究之方法學及認識學的探討•護理研究,7(3),276-288。
  5. 余宜叡、林益卿、蔡佩渝(2010)•深入探索的生命回顧—敘事探究•安寧療護雜誌,15(2),206-217。
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