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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 110 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王增勇(2003)。照顧與控制之間—以「個案管理」在社工場域的論述實踐為例。台灣社會研究季刊,51,143-183。
  2. 石志偉(2006)。充權觀點在青少年服務中之實踐-以台北市為例(碩士論文未出版)。台灣大學社會工作學系,臺北市。
  3. 余漢儀(2012)。殘補式福利體制下的兒童及少年權益保障?。社區發展季刊,139,19-24。
  4. 李真文(2007)。懲罰與責任:教師專業倫理之辨證(碩士論文未出版)。國立政治大學教育學系,臺北市。
  5. 汪淑媛、蘇怡如(2010)。社工督導功能期待與實踐落差研究─比較督導與被督者之觀點:以公部門家暴防治社工為例。台灣社會工作期刊,9,41-84。
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