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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 26 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. [3] IEA, Global EV Outlook 2016-Beyond One Million Electric Cars, International Energy Agency, 2016.
  2. [4] 張雍昌、黃立仁、劉興庄、楊智仁,「具錯誤回復能力之低成本車用處理器架構」,電腦與通訊,第152期,第128-133頁,2013。
  3. [5] 呂昆龍、張國樑、黃立仁、紀坤明、張雍昌、楊智仁,「車用電子系統的功能安全需求-ISO 26262國際安全規範簡介及其應用」,電腦與通訊,第163期,第10-16頁,2015。
  4. [6] P. Kafka, “The Automotive Standard ISO 26262, The Innovative Driver for Enhanced Safety Assessment & Technology for Motor Cars,” Proceedings of 2012 International Symposium on Safety Science and Technology, pp. 2-10, Feffernitz, Austria, 2012.
  5. [9] A. Hauser and R. Kuhn, Advances in Battery Technologies for Electric Vehicles. A Volume in Woodhead Publishing Series in Energy, pp. 283-326, 出版機構?, 2015.
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