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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 154 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 丘昌泰,2000,公共政策,台北:巨流。
  2. [Online] Available:
  3. [Online] Available:
  4. 宋秉明,1995,生態觀光之規劃架構--以綠島為例,觀光研究學報,第1卷
  5. 宋秉明,1996,「綠島發展生態觀光之規畫」,戶外遊憩研究。第9卷第4期,
Times Cited (6) 〈TOP〉
  1. 莊政諺(2015)。遊客對墾丁國家公園社頂部落生態旅遊願付價格 與環境態度之研究。屏東科技大學森林系所學位論文。2015。1-70。 
  2. 林琮維(2013)。保安林遊憩效益評估-以台東森林公園為例。臺灣大學森林環境暨資源學研究所學位論文。2013。1-87。 
  3. 高㬏婈(2012)。都市閒置空間景觀改造效益之評估。臺灣大學建築與城鄉研究所學位論文。2012。1-244。 
  4. 曾培軒(2011)。台北車站東側地區環境改造效益評估。臺灣大學建築與城鄉研究所學位論文。2011。1-150。 
  5. 郭苔馥(2006)。文化公共財願付價格之探討-以國立傳統藝術中心為例。政治大學行政管理碩士學程學位論文。2006。1-98。
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