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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
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Reference ( 49 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 陳琦玲、林正鈁、劉滄棽 (1994) 臺灣地區平地日射量之估算分析,中華農業研究,43 (1) : 77-92。
  2. Al-Sulaiman, F. A. and Ismail, B. (1997) Estimation of monthly average daily and hourly solar radiation impinging on a sloped surface using the isotropic sky model for Dhahran, Saudi Arabia, Renewable Energy, 11 (2): 257-262.
  3. Almorox, J., Benoto, M., Hontoria, C. (2005) Estimation of monthly Angstrom–Prescott equation coefficients from measured daily data in Toledo, Spain, Renewable Energy, 30 : 931-936.
  4. Ampratwum, B. D and Dorvlo, A. S. S. (1999) Estimation of solar radiation from the number of sunshine hours, Applied Energy, 63 : 161-167.
  5. Angstrom, A. (1924) Solar and terrestrial radiation, Quart J Roy Met Soc, 50: 121-125.
Times Cited (2) 〈TOP〉
  1. 柯酈(2014)。臺灣屋頂型太陽光電開發潛力之研究。成功大學資源工程學系學位論文。2014。1-232。 
  2. 丁娸文(2014)。應用太陽光電模擬都市相鄰住宅建築之相對環境補償分析。成功大學都市計劃學系學位論文。2014。1-78。 
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