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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 255 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 江瑞祥等。2008,〈臺灣公共治理指標建立之研究〉,「臺灣公共治理研究中心年度研討會」(10/22),台北:行政院研考會、臺灣公共治理研究中心。
  2. 江瑞祥等,2009,〈臺灣公共治理指標調查之研究〉,「臺灣公共治理與政策實務」研討會(10/16),台北:行政院研考會、臺灣公共治理研究中心。
  3. 余致力,2006,〈倡廉反貪與民主治理〉,《臺灣民主季刊》,3(3): 165-176。
  4. 李涵鈺,2009,〈一綱一本教科書政策論述之分析〉,《教科書研究》,2(2):1-32。
  5. 呂育誠,2005,〈地方治理意涵及其制度建立策略之研究—兼論我國縣市推動地 方治理的問題與前景〉,《公共行政學報》,14:1-38。
Times Cited (6) 〈TOP〉
  1. 張政亮(2011)。從民主憲政體制的變革中論我國的總統課責。臺灣大學政治學研究所學位論文。2011。1-148。 
  2. 賴彥全(Yen-Chywan Lai);王麗雲(Li-Yun Wang)(2014)。地方政府教育課責系統現況與成效探究。教育科學研究期刊。59(3)。97-132。 
  3. 賴彥全(2011)。地方政府教育課責系統之研究--以臺北縣活化課程為例。臺灣師範大學教育學系學位論文。2011。1-192。
  4. 王琪(2012)。政府捐助之財團法人的公共課責研究-以內政部捐助的財團法人為例。臺北大學公共行政暨政策學系學位論文。2012。1-264。
  5. 郭士國(2012)。族群型代表性行政機關課責之研究 – 以我國中央與地方客家行政機關為例。中央大學法律與政府研究所學位論文。2012。1-139。
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