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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Abstract 〈TOP〉
    Reference ( 39 ) 〈TOP〉
    1. 呂月娥(1987):《日治時期基隆港口都市形成歷程之研究》。中原大學建築學系碩士論文。
    2. 黃偉源(2001):《台灣地區國際港埠發展政策之研究》。國立海洋大學河海工程研究所論文。
    3. Braun,Bradley M., (1990).Measuring the influence of public authorities through economic impact analysis : the case of port Canaveral. Policy Studies Journal.18(4):1032-1044.
    4. Gripaios,Peter and Gripaios,Rose.(1995).The impact of a port on its local economy : the case of Plymouth. Maritime Policy and Management.22(1):13-23.
    5. Yochum,Gilbert R., and Agarwal, Vinod B,(1988)Static and changing port economic impacts.Maritime Policy Manage-ment, 15(2):157-171.
    Times Cited (3) 〈TOP〉
    1. 葉冠伶(2007)。觀光旅遊圖像的結構與解構--以淡水為例。淡江大學大眾傳播學系碩士班學位論文。2007。1-160。 
    2. 陳宗良(2014)。基隆市發展觀光產業之研究―以地方治理觀點分析。臺灣大學國家發展研究所學位論文。2014。1-150。 
    3. 陳慧珊(2009)。基隆市田寮河親水計畫地方治理能力之研究。臺北大學公共行政暨政策學系學位論文。2009。1-297。
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