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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 82 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 4. 林麗蟬、歐美(1996)。比較不同長期照護模式老人之士氣。護理研究,4(3),243-253。
  2. 7. Davies, S., The care needs of older people and family caregivers in continuing care settings, in Working with older people and their families: Key issues in policy and practice, M.N.S.D.G. Grant, Editor 2001, Open University Press. p. 75-98.
  3. 10. 許佩蓉、張俊喜、林靜宜、林壽惠、李世代(2006)。機構式長期照護綜論。台灣老年醫學雜誌,1(4),198-215。
  4. 15. Greefield, S. and E.C. Nelson, Recent Developments and Future Issues in the Use of Health Status Assessment Measures in Clinical Settings. Medical Care, 1992. 30(5): p. MS23-MS41.
  5. 16. The WHOQOL Group, The World Health Organization Quality of Life assessment (WHOQOL): Position paper from the World Health Organization. Soc Sci Med, 1995. 41: p. 1403-1409.
Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
  1. 羅慧文(2017)。從營運資源探討民間安養長照機構經營之困境。中原大學企業管理研究所學位論文。2017。1-64。 
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