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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 97 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王惠玲、江慧玲、莊峻鍠、蔡培癸(2005)‧糖尿病中老年患者生活品質及其相關因素之探討‧長庚護理,16(4),390-401。
  2. 田郁文、李伯皇(2006)‧胰臟癌‧台灣醫學,10(4),493-499。
  3. 林美馨、鐘威昇、梁云榛(2008)‧影響糖尿病患健康生活品質的因素研究‧安泰醫護雜誌,14(1),27-38。
  4. 林素瓊、謝昌勳、陳思羽、張媚(2012)‧血糖控制不良住院糖尿病患之自我照顧行為探討‧中華民國糖尿病衛教學會會訊,8(3),1-4。
  5. 姚開屏(2002)•台灣版世界衛生組織生活品質問卷之發展與應用•台灣醫學,6(2),193-200。doi:10.6320/FJM.2002.6(2).09
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