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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 50 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 尤清鑫、蕭怡靖,2007,〈以新選民的政治態度論台灣民主政治的未來〉,《台灣民主季刊》, 4(3): 109-151。
  2. 王甫昌,2005,〈由「中國省籍」到「台灣族群」:戶口普查級別類屬轉變之分析〉,《台灣社會學》,9:59-117。
  3. 吳乃德,2005,〈麵包與愛情:初探台灣民眾民族認同的變動〉,《台灣政治學刊》,9(2):5-40。
  4. 李靜婷,2010,《台灣選民政治認同之世代分析》。台北:國立臺灣大學政治學研究所碩士論文。
  5. 林宗弘,2015,〈再探台灣的世代政治:交叉分類隨機效應模型的應用,1995-2010〉,《人文及社會科學集刊》,27(2):395–436。
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