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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 122 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 4. 邱祈榮、林鴻忠、蔡維倫、詹為巽(2010),宜蘭地區區域型步道遊客滿意度調
  2. 5. 林寶秀(2001),都市公園分布、型態與居民遊憩品質關係之研究,戶外遊憩研
  3. 10. 汪大雄(1999),扇平自然教育區遊憩效益之經濟評估,台灣林業科學
  4. 11. 吳素華(2007),溫泉遊憩區遊憩價值評估之研究-以關子嶺溫泉風景區為例,
  5. 林森林生態系經營經濟效益評估之研究。台灣林業科學 21(2):191-203。
Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
  1. 鄭暐達(2017)。從環境知識、環境態度、環境行為探討生態保育費用願付價格─以內洞森林遊樂區為例。臺灣大學森林環境暨資源學研究所學位論文。2017。1-116。 
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