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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
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Reference ( 128 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 4. 內部稽核執業準則。台北:中華民國內部稽核協會 ,2005年12月。
  2. 5. 公開發行公司建立內部控制制度處理準則。台北:行政院金融監督管理委 員會,2005年12月。
  3. 17. 陳慶財,「我國行政機關建立內部稽核制度之研究」,台大管理學院高階公共管理組碩士論文,2005年1月。
  4. 18. 葉晏綾,「新加坡廉政建設之研究」,國立暨南國際大學東南亞研究所,2005年4月。
  5. 5. Dayton Bruce W., Managing Crises in the Twenty-First Century ,International Studies Review, ( Jun, 2004), p. 165.
Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
  1. 梁式榮(2009)。儒家文化與貪腐犯罪之關係。臺北大學犯罪學研究所學位論文。2009。1-135。
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