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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 99 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 丁仲緯,2011。「同懠互助與做中學習對績效表現之影響分析-以臺灣農會推廣部門為例」。碩士論文,臺灣大學農業經濟學研究所。
  2. 王志文,2005。「農漁會信用部對全國農業金庫-制度信任之研究」。博士論文,臺灣大學農業推廣學研究所。
  3. 王威文,2008。「南投縣基層農會的轉型與發展策略」。碩士論文,暨南大學公共行政與政策學研究所。
  4. 李鍵欣,2007。「我國農會信用部生產效率之研究--Metafrontier模型之應用」。碩士論文,臺灣大學農業經濟學研究所。
  5. 李建德,2011。「鄉鎮農會主管人員對承作商業保險意向之研究」。碩士論文,嶺東科技大學國際企業研究所。
Times Cited (3) 〈TOP〉
  1. 黃惠琴(2015)。中部地區基層農會經營績效分析。中興大學農業企業經營管理碩士在職專班學位論文。2015。1-56。 
  2. 黃慈愛(2017)。農會重設信用部經營績效之比較分析。臺灣大學農業經濟學研究所學位論文。2017。1-187。 
  3. 吳筱湘(2016)。台灣農會經營的關鍵成功因素之個案研究- 以大里區農會與信義鄉農會為例。中興大學農業企業經營管理碩士在職專班學位論文。2016。1-66。
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