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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 26 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 1. 李光傲. (2007). 台灣金控公司績效因子之實證. 中興大學財務金融學系所學位論文.
  2. 2. 李沃牆,李喬銘與林瀼縈. (2015). 銀行流動性風險與經營績效之非線型關聯分析-縱橫平滑移轉迴歸模型之應用. 中原企管評論, 13卷(1期), 頁 71-96.
  3. 3. 李沃牆、林惠娜、劉雅鳳. (2013). 公股銀行放款集中度對經營績效及逾放之影響分析. 朝陽商管評論, 12卷(2期), 頁 93-112.
  4. 4. 沈中華,吳孟紋. (2010). 銀行的市場佔有率與獲利,及其影響因素之探討-全球實證分析. 財務金融學刊, 18卷(1期), 頁 1-53.
  5. 5. 沈中華,林智勇. (2009). 銀行民營化的績效表現-配對理論的應用. 中央研究院經濟研究所經濟論文, 37卷(3期), 頁 396-405.
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