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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
    Reference ( 95 ) 〈TOP〉
    1. 林水波編,1999,《政府再造》。台北,智勝文化。
    2. 許毓圃,2001,「政府機關裁減聘僱人員之評析」,國家政策研究基金會:國改評論憲政(評)090-143號。
    3. 彭錦鵬編,1996,「文官體制的彈性管理理念-美國經驗及其啟示」,《文官體制之比較研究》,頁43-77,台北,中央研究院歐美研究所。
    4. 彭錦鵬,2000,「英國政署之組織設計與運作成效」,《歐美研究》,第30卷,第3期,頁89-134。
    5. Cooper, D. J., 1998 , “Government Contracts in Public Administration: The Role and Environment of the Contracting Officer”, Public Administration Review, 40, pp.459-468.
    Times Cited (15) 〈TOP〉
    1. 董碧玉(2009)。臺灣地方政府臨時人員權利義務之研究─以苗栗縣政府為例。中興大學國家政策與公共事務研究所學位論文。2009。1-199。 
    2. 黃玉燕(2011)。勞動派遣制度對公部門組織運作之影響-國立臺灣史前文化博物館個案研究。臺東大學進修部公共事務碩(假日)學位論文。2011。1-156。 
    3. 蕭欣瑋(2014)。我國公部門委任官等職務由約僱及臨時人員替代之可行性。臺灣大學政治學研究所學位論文。2014。1-211。 
    4. 陳靖涵(2013)。訂作公務員:國家考試女性限額的女性主義法律史考察。臺灣大學法律學研究所學位論文。2013。1-122。 
    5. 張芮君(2012)。我國公務人力進用結構與彈性用人之研究-以財政部臺灣省中區國稅局為例。臺灣大學政治學研究所學位論文。2012。1-182。 
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