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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
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Reference ( 83 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. Arukwe A. 2005. Modulation of brain steroidogenesis by affecting transcriptional changes of steroidogenic acute regulatory (StAR) protein and cholesterol side chain cleavage (P450scc) in juvenile Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar) is a novel aspect of nonylphenol toxicity. Environ Sci Technol 39:9791-9798.
  2. Baulieu EE, Robel P. 1998. Dehydroepiandrosterone (DHEA) and dehydroepiandrosterone sulfate (DHEAS) as neuroactive neurosteroids. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 95:4089-4091.
  3. Beyenburg S, Watzka M, Blumcke I, Schramm J, Bidlingmaier F, Elger CE, Stoffel-Wagner B. 2000. Expression of mRNAs encoding for 17beta-hydroxisteroid dehydrogenase isozymes 1, 2, 3 and 4 in epileptic human hippocampus. Epilepsy Res 41:83-91.
  4. Cheng KC, Lee J, Khanna M, Qin KN. 1994. Distribution and ontogeny of 3 alpha-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase in the rat brain. J Steroid Biochem Mol Biol 50:85-89.
  5. Chung BC, Hu MC, Lai CC, Lin CH. 1989. The 5'-region of the P450XIA1 (P450scc) gene contains a basal promoter and an adrenal-specific activating domain. Biochem Biophys Res Commun 160:276-281.
Times Cited (2) 〈TOP〉
  1. 羅文均(2009)。Cyp11a1 於小鼠視網膜之表現與Cyp11a1 基因剔除小 鼠視網膜發育之探討。臺灣大學生理學研究所學位論文。2009。1-45。 
  2. 江衍楓(2007)。CYP11A1基因於腦內之表現與調控。臺灣大學生理學研究所學位論文。2007。1-57。 
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