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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 82 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 10.李芝靜、何楚台(民90)。國小英語師資班學員參訓動機、角色知覺、任教意願與任教相關問題之探討。教育研究集刊,第46期,頁125-145。
  2. 18.黃恆獎、李佳璋,「產品績效指標、消費滿意度、及構後行為之整合分析」,台大管理論叢,第8 卷,第1 期(民國八十六年),25-57。
  3. 19.張淑青,2004。顧客滿意度與信任對忠誠度影響之研究。管理學報、第21卷、第5期,611-627。
  4. 21.陳建文、洪嘉蓉,2002。顧客滿意度與忠誠度關聯性之研究。2002科技與管理學術研討會論文集,455-462。
  5. 29.張櫻淳、黃文鴻、蘇喜,1998。醫院形象定位之研究…以台北市六家醫學中心的醫科民眾為例。中華衛誌,17(2),111-124。
Times Cited (4) 〈TOP〉
  1. 周玫珍(2011)。護理長自覺可信特質與護理人員知覺其可信特質之差異研究。長榮大學護理學系(所)學位論文。2011。1-90。 
  2. 林竝聖(2011)。醫院形象定位之研究-以桃園縣六家區域醫院為例。臺北醫學大學醫務管理學研究所學位論文。2011。1-100。 
  3. 謝宛修(2010)。國軍醫院員工工作滿意度之實證研究。中臺科技大學醫護管理研究所學位論文。2010。1-132。
  4. 陳依凡(2011)。醫院品牌形象、病患滿意度、組織變革知覺價值、及病患忠誠度之探索性研究。中臺科技大學健康產業管理研究所學位論文。2011。1-90。
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