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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
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Reference ( 34 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 2. 林晏州,(1984),區域性戶外遊憩資源規劃方法之研究-兼論台灣地區遊憩資源開發策略,都市計畫,11,1-18。
  2. 4. 林晏州,(2000),社會遊憩容許量評估方法之比較,戶外遊憩研究,13(1),1-20。
  3. 6. 陳沛悌、林晏州,(1997),秀姑巒溪泛舟活動社會心理容許量之探討,戶外遊憩研究,10(3),19-36。
  4. 8. Beard, J. G. & Raghed, M. G. (1980). Measuring leisure satisfaction. Journal of Leisure Research, 12(1), 20-33.
  5. 9. Graefe, A. R., Vaske, J. J. & Kuss, F. R. (1984). Social carrying capacity: an integration and synthesis of twenty years of research. Leisure Sciences, 6, 395-432.
Times Cited (10) 〈TOP〉
  1. 林銉珹(2012)。風景區社會心理承載量之研究-以野柳地質公園為例。淡江大學運輸管理學系碩士班學位論文。2012。1-161。 
  2. 蘇晉弘(2010)。溪頭森林遊樂區遊憩衝擊知覺、滿意度與重遊意願相關性之研究。中興大學森林學系所學位論文。2010。1-103。 
  3. 林志成(2011)。滑雪旅遊吸引力、參與動機和持續參與意願之研究。臺東大學進修部休閒事業管理組碩(夜間)學位論文。2011。1-112。 
  4. 吳家穎(2012)。應用藍幕技術探討遊客在溪頭自然教育公園中步道之動態擁擠感。虎尾科技大學休閒遊憩研究所學位論文。2012。1-96。 
  5. 曾冠宜(2015)。影響阿里山國家森林遊樂區遊客擁擠知覺的因素。屏東科技大學森林系所學位論文。2015。1-124。 
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