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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 63 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 宋明哲(1990)風險管理。台北:五南。
  2. 張孝銘、高俊雄(2006)不同人口變項遊客登山冒險遊憩行為之差異性研究。真理運動知識學報,3(2),1-18。
  3. 張蕙芳(2000)逃離與追尋-登山的社會學研究(以兩個登山團體為例)。國立台灣大學社會學研究所碩士論文。
  4. 歐雙磐(2005)登山者遊憩專門化程度、情境偏好與場所依戀關係之研究。東海大學景觀研究所碩士論文。
  5. 鄧家駒(1998)風險管理。台北:華泰。
Times Cited (5) 〈TOP〉
  1. 廖億美(2006)。藝術介入公共領域的創造性關係--一個台灣環境運動的視野。臺北藝術大學藝術行政與管理研究所碩士班學位論文。2006。1-108。 
  2. 杜兆倫(2018)。謠言分藍綠?政治傾向與社群媒體謠言傳播之關聯性研究。臺灣大學新聞研究所學位論文。2018。1-90。 
  3. 潘惠伶(2007)。台灣反核四運動歷程之政治分析。臺灣大學政治學研究所學位論文。2007。1-109。 
  4. 王怡文(2007)。本土社會信任理論模型的建構:環境決策過程中的社會信任分析。臺灣大學建築與城鄉研究所學位論文。2007。1-209。 
  5. 林冠妙(2007)。2000年台灣政黨輪替後社會運動團體之轉型-以台灣環境保護聯盟(TEPU)為例。臺灣師範大學政治學研究所學位論文。2007。1-266。
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