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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
    Reference ( 305 ) 〈TOP〉
    1. 王振寰,1989 ,〈台灣的政治轉型與反對運動〉,《台灣社會研究季刊》,2:1,頁71-116。
    2. 方瓊瑤,2005,《社區總體營造的政治經濟分析,1965-2005》,國立台灣大學政治學研究所碩士論文。
    3. 朱雲漢,2004,〈臺灣民主發展的困境與挑戰〉,《台灣民主季刊》1:1頁143-162。
    4. 吳庚,1989,〈重建公務員關係之法理基礎〉,《法令月刊》第四十卷 第八期,頁239-241。
    5. 吳瓊恩,2001,〈當前台灣公共行政的政治系絡〉,《中國政治行政評論》第10卷第2期,頁
    Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
    1. 黃毓茹(2013)。我,就是台灣人……─陳水扁外省籍幕僚的國家認同研究。臺北大學社會學系學位論文。2013。1-190。
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