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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
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Reference ( 114 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. Bedir, E.; Tatli, I. I.; Khan, R. A.; Zhao, J.; Takamatsu, S.; Walker, L. A.; Goldman, P.; Khan, I. A. Biologically active secondary metabolites from Ginkgo biloba. J Agric Food Chem. 2002, 50, 3150-3155.
  2. Brownlee, M. Biochemistry and molecular cell biology of diabetic complications. Nature. 2001, 414, 813-820.
  3. Castelluccio, C.; Paganga, G.; Melikian, N.; Boldwell, G. P.; Pridham, J.; Sampson, J.; Rice, E. C. Antioxidant potential of intermediates in phenylpropanoid metabolism in higher plants. 1995, 368, 188-192.
  4. Chakravarthy, U.; Hayes, R. G.; Stitt, A. W.; McAuley, E.; Archer, D. B. Constitutive nitric oxide synthase expression in retinal vascular endothelial cells is suppressed by high glucose and advance glycation end products. Diabetes. 1998, 47, 945-952.
  5. Chen, A. S.; Taguchi, T.; Sugiura, M.; Wakasugi, Y.; Kamei, A.; Wang, M. W.; Miwa, I. Pyridoxal-aminoguanidine adduct is more effective than aminoguanidine in preventing neuropathy and cataract in diabetic rats. Horm. Metab. Res. 2004, 36, 183-187.
Times Cited (7) 〈TOP〉
  1. 林芸佑(2012)。表沒食子兒茶素沒食子酸酯抑制甲基乙二醛誘導骨髓間葉幹細胞產生氧化壓力之探討。中原大學生物醫學工程研究所學位論文。2012。1-129。 
  2. 張瀞文(2015)。以體外及體內模式探討薏仁麩皮萃取物減緩第二型糖尿病的效用及其作用機制。臺灣大學食品科技研究所學位論文。2015。1-77。 
  3. 林佳雯(2010)。以α-葡萄糖苷酶之活性抑制為主軸探討五倍子之調節血糖功能與成分。臺灣大學食品科技研究所學位論文。2010。1-112。 
  4. 林啟超(2002)。在攪拌式醱酵槽中加裝不織布對於Aspergillus flavus生產麴酸之影響。成功大學化學工程學系學位論文。2002。1-70。
  5. 王筱芸(2009)。數種中草藥萃取物抗氧化及抗糖化特性之研究。中臺科技大學食品科技研究所學位論文。2009。1-91。
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