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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing a document with a DOI, the DOI permanent URL should always be presented (if using APA or Chicago format, present number). If using a citation format that does not specify DOI, the DOI permanent URL should still be presented as a priority.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 128 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 吳重禮、許文賓(2003)。〈誰是政黨認同者與獨立選民?─以二○○一年臺灣地區選民政黨認同的決定因素為例〉,《政治科學論叢》(18):101-140。
  2. 林佳龍(1989)。〈威權侍從體制下的臺灣反對運動─民進黨社會基礎的政治解釋〉,《臺灣社會研究季刊》2(1):117-143。
  3. 林佳龍(2000)。〈臺灣民主化與政黨體下的變遷:菁英與群眾的選舉連結〉,《臺灣政治學刊》(4):3-55。
  4. 林瓊珠(2012)。〈穩定與變動:臺灣民眾的「臺灣人/中國人」認同與統獨立場之分析〉,《選舉研究》19(1):97-127。
  5. 陳世敏(1991)。〈民意調查與臺灣的民主化:以施政滿意程度和公眾人物的聲望調查為例〉,《新聞學研究》(45):101-118。
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