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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 46 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 2.呂育一,民82,非營利組織績效指標之研究-以文教基金會為例,國立台灣大學商學研究所碩士論文。
  2. 14.陳明哲,民92,平衡計分卡應用於警務機關之績效評估,中原大學工業工程學系碩士論文。
  3. 15.陳佳鳳,民88,銀行業策略性績效指標之研究,國立台灣大學會計學研究所碩士論文。
  4. 19.劉順仁,民93,建立非營業特種基金績效衡量指標之研究。
  5. 1.Eccles, R.G. and N. Nohria. 1992.〝Beyond the hype- Rediscovering the essence of management. 〞Boston, MA: Harvard Business School Press.
Times Cited (4) 〈TOP〉
  1. 吳癸森(2009)。中央銀行外匯績效管理體系建立之研究。國立臺灣大學高階公共管理組學位論文。2009。1-154。 
  2. 張毓華(2006)。公營單位導入平衡計分卡之個案研究。政治大學企業管理研究所學位論文。2006。1-90。
  3. 白惠方(2007)。平衡計分卡之規畫與設計-以鋼鐵業為例。臺灣大學商學組學位論文。2007。1-82。
  4. 吳慶昇(2007)。運用平衡計分卡為「國軍裝備高階維修能量重新整合」管理策略-以精密量具修理與校驗為例。臺灣大學高階公共管理組學位論文。2007。1-78。
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