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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 190 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. (Each reference in this part was translated to English from the original Chinese language listed right below)
  2. 陳佩庭(2007)。「台東縣國中生網路使用行為、動機與網路成癮之調查研究」(未發表之碩士論文)。台東:國立台東大學教學科技研究所。
  3. Cheng, H.-T. (2004). The Study of the Relationship between Life Stress, Self-esteem and Delinquent Behaviors of Junior High School Students. Unpublished Master Thesis, National Changhua University of Education, Changhua, Taiwan.
  4. Tai, H.-C. (2003). Related Factors of Internet Addiction and Its Impact on Physical and Mental Health among High School Students. Unpublished Master Thesis, Kaohsiung Medical University, Kaohsiung.
  5. 戴秀津(2003)。「高中職學生網路成癮之相關因素及其身心健康影響探討」(未發表之碩士論文)。高雄:高雄醫學大學護理學研究所。
Times Cited (11) 〈TOP〉
  1. 楊琬琳(2014)。高中生網路霸凌認知、情感與行為之相關研究。淡江大學教育心理與諮商研究所碩士班學位論文。2014。1-137。 
  2. 周宜玄(2012)。網路服務的媒介特性與成癮之相關性初探。淡江大學大眾傳播學系碩士班學位論文。2012。1-67。 
  3. 羅孟婷(2013)。台灣大學生衝動性與問題網路使用之關聯性: 交叉延宕長期追蹤分析。交通大學教育研究所學位論文。2013。1-88。 
  4. 陳天心(2012)。探討台灣大專院校生人格特質、人際關係、網路成癮與網路使用態度的關係。交通大學教育研究所學位論文。2012。1-82。 
  5. 黃朝翊(2014)。延宕折扣與網路成癮之相關性研究。中原大學心理學研究所學位論文。2014。1-77。 
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