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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
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Reference ( 39 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 江映瑩 (2007) Google Earth應用於中學地理教育之研究,國立台灣大學地理環境資源學系碩士論文
  2. 莊婉瑩 (2010) 高中地理資訊教學之分析-教師能力與限制,國立台灣大學地理環境資源學系碩士論文
  3. Baker, T.R., Palmer, A.M., Kerski, J.J. (2009) A National Survey to Examine Teacher Professional Development and Implementation of Desktop GIS, Journal of Geography, 108: 174-185
  4. Chang, K.T. (2010) Introduction to Geographic Information Systems 5th edition, McGraw-Hill New York, Inc.
  5. Chow, T.E. (2008) The Potential of Maps APIs for Internet GIS Applications, Transactions in GIS, 12(2): 179-191
Times Cited (5) 〈TOP〉
  1. 許柔婷(2011)。Google Earth融入國中地理教學成效之研究。中興大學水土保持學系所學位論文。2011。1-88。 
  2. 何家源(2012)。高中地理老師GIS研習參與情形之社會網絡研究。臺灣大學地理環境資源學研究所學位論文。2012。1-68。 
  3. 吳健明(2015)。以無線電結合地理資訊系統之機載動態追蹤自動回報監視。成功大學航空太空工程學系碩士在職專班學位論文。2015。1-76。
  4. 吳姿瑩(2016)。探討簡報教學融入地理科教學成效之研究 -以國中三年級為例。樹德科技大學資訊工程系碩士班學位論文。2016。1-72。
  5. 林秀珍(2017)。特色選修課程發展之行動敘說-以資訊融入鄉土地理教學為例。義守大學資訊管理學系學位論文。2017。1-112。
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