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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 323 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王震武,2002,〈升學主義的成因及其社會心理基礎--一個歷史觀察〉。《本土心理學研究》17: 3-65。
  2. 田翠琳整理,2001,〈加強學童視力保健座談會〉。《健康世界》301,21-27。
  3. 台大醫學院、行政院衛生署,1987,《台灣地區中小學生眼屈折狀況調查》。出版地點不明。
  4. 江怡慧、林隆光、蔡忠斌、何子昌、施永豐、洪伯廷,2000,〈先天性近視之臨床病程與視力預後〉。《中華民國眼科醫學會雜誌》,第39卷第3期,235-239頁。
  5. 岑在增、柯良時、許永堅、林志聖、王一雄、陳玉麟,1990,〈近視與農藥〉,中華民國眼科醫學會雜誌,29卷1期,114-120頁。
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