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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 59 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. Kaplan, R.S. and Norton, D.P 1996.The balanced scorecard: Translating Strategy into Action。
  2. 5. 林子瑜、程馨與陳寬政,2013,台灣癌症盛行率與死亡率的替換關係1996-2006,健康與社會 1:125-143。
  3. 6. 林毅志,2012,地區醫院應用平衡計分卡導入心導管中心的模式探討,國立臺灣大學管理學院碩士在職專班會計與管理決策組碩士論文。
  4. 9. 陳自諒,2012,平衡計分卡於醫療實務之應用-以私立醫學中心大腸直腸外科為例,國立交通大學 高階主管管理學程碩士班 碩士論文。
  5. 10. 陳欣怡, 2007,建構醫院之策略地圖與平衡計分卡-以某區域教學醫院為例,國立成功大學會計學系研究所碩士論文。
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