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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 75 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 1.Allard E., Dembe(2001). The Social Consequences of Occupational injuries and illnesses, American journal of industrial medicine, 40:403-417.
  2. 2.Bakker AB., Killmer CH., Siegrist J., Schaufeli WB.(2000). Effort-reward imbalance and burnout among nurses, Journal of Advanced Nursing, 31(4):884-91.
  3. 3.Beehr.TA&Newman,JE(1978).Job stress,employee health and organizational effectiveness:a facet analysisi,model and literature review .Personnel Psychology.31(4):665-669.
  4. 5.Clegg A. (2001). Occupational stress in nursing : a review of the literature , journal of nursing management 9:101-106.
  5. 8.De Jonge J., Bosma H., Peter R., Siegrist J.(2000). Job strain, effort-reward imbalance and employee well-being: a large-scale cross-sectional study, Social Science & Medicine, 50(9):1317-27.
Times Cited (47) 〈TOP〉
  1. 陳綺霞(2014)。護理人員工作壓力及因應行為之影響因素-以臺北市某醫院婦兒專科區為例。淡江大學公共行政學系公共政策碩士在職專班學位論文。2014。1-109。 
  2. 蔡佩珊(2011)。台灣地區心理師之工作壓力與健康生活品質之關係。中原大學心理學研究所學位論文。2011。1-111。 
  3. 林永堂(2011)。臺灣鐵路管理局機務檢修人員工作壓力之研究-以花蓮機務段為例。臺東大學進修部公共事務碩(假日)學位論文。2011。1-101。 
  4. 謝汝艷(2011)。衛生署臺東醫院護理人員工作壓力及生活品質之相關研究。臺東大學進修部運動休閒管理碩(假日)學位論文。2011。1-108。 
  5. 陳美芬(2010)。女子監獄員工工作壓力、工作滿意度及自覺健康狀況之研究。臺東大學進修部運動休閒管理碩(假日)學位論文。2010。1-89。 
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