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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 42 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 2.Bhat, C. and Pulugrta, V.(1998):” A comparison of two alternative behavioral choice mechanisms for household auto ownership decisions”. Transportation Research Part B 32, pp. 61-75.
  2. 3.Button K. J. (1974): “A Critical Review of Techniques Used for Forcasting Car Ownership in Discrete Areas”. Journal of the Royal Statistical Society (A), Vol. 23, No. 2, pp. 117-128.
  3. 4.Caroline Gallez(1994): ”Identifying the Long Term Dynamics of Car Ownership: a Demographic approach”. Transport Review Vol. 14, No.1, pp. 83-102.
  4. 5.Gakenheimer Ralph (1999): “Urban mobility in the developing world”. Transportation Research Part A 33, pp. 671-689.
  5. 11.Joyce Dargay and Dermot Gately(1999): “Income’s effect on car and vehicle ownership, worldwide:1960-2015”. Transportation Research Part A 33, pp. 101-138.
Times Cited (7) 〈TOP〉
  1. 林虹伶(2011)。汽機車持有與使用模式之探討-以澳門地區為例。交通大學運輸科技與管理學系學位論文。2011。1-52。 
  2. 吳佳紋(2006)。探討GDP成長與汽機車成長之因果關係。臺灣大學土木工程學研究所學位論文。2006。1-79。 
  3. 汪志忠(2007)。台灣地區汽車持有需求預測之研究。成功大學交通管理科學系學位論文。2007。1-110。
  4. 張棕凱(2008)。時間數列與灰預測模型的比較-以台灣自行車成車出口產值為例。臺灣大學國家發展研究所學位論文。2008。1-103。
  5. 邱子揚(2010)。自行車持有與使用之研究-以中山區與大安區為例。臺灣大學土木工程學研究所學位論文。2010。1-116。
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