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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 185 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 方天賜,2001,〈印度實施經濟改革以來的外交走向〉,《問題與研究》,40(4): 81-96。
  2. 方天賜,2002,〈印度教民族主義自一九九0年代以來的發展及其意涵〉,《問題與研究》,41(4): 47-63。
  3. 石之瑜,1998,《兩岸關係概論》,台北:揚智。
  4. 郭秋永,2003,〈科學哲學中的兩種因果解析〉,《政治與社會哲學評論》,4: 121-177。
  5. 謝宗林,1995,〈國際經濟動向:印度—社會主義另一個失敗的試驗〉,《經濟前瞻》,10(3): 68-73。
Times Cited (2) 〈TOP〉
  1. 張煜霖(2010)。印度崛起的政治與經濟分析(1991-2008)。臺灣大學政治學研究所學位論文。2010。1-122。 
  2. 蔣家安(2011)。中國大陸與印度金融政治之比較:以銀行部門的自由化為例(1990-2008)。政治大學政治研究所學位論文。2011。1-161。
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