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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 73 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 李怡賢(2004).初診精神分裂症患者及其家屬求助行為之初探.未發表的碩士論文.台北:國立台灣大學。
  2. 姚開屏(1993).結構方程模型的基本原則及符號.職能治療學會雜誌(11),79-93。
  3. 高美玲、葉美玲(1999).結構方程模式的應用-驗證性因素分析.護理研究,7(6),594-605。
  4. 陳杏佳(1994).影響個人對精神疾病患者態度之因素探討.護理雜誌,41(1),88-92。
  5. 葉美玲、高美玲(1999).結構方程模式與線性結構關係之簡介.護理研究,7(5),490-497。
Times Cited (3) 〈TOP〉
  1. 張鳳航(2009)。雇主對精神障礙者之僱用意願:現況、影響因素與政策因應。臺灣大學衛生政策與管理研究所學位論文。2009。1-111。 
  2. 王芯婷(2007)。精神障礙者勞動與生活場域開創行動~以桃源二村有機農場為例。臺灣大學社會工作學研究所學位論文。2007。1-176。
  3. 王舒慧(2013)。精神分裂症者疾病歷程:患者及家屬觀點之分析。朝陽科技大學社會工作系學位論文。2013。1-135。
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